Geographical Facts



Malaysia is located in Southeast Asia next to Thailand, Singapore, Brunei  Indonesia and Vietnam and is a member of the Association of Asian Nations (ASEAN). It has a population of close to 28 million in 2008.


Geographic coordinates : 2 30 N, 112 30 E

Map references : Southeast Asia Area: total: 329,750 sq. km land: 328,550 sq. km water: 1,200 sq. km Area - comparative: slightly larger than New Mexico

Area : total: 329,750 sq. km land: 328,550 sq. km water: 1,200 sq. km


Land boundaries : total: 2,669 km border countries: Brunei 381 km, Indonesia 1,782 km, Thailand 506 km

Coastline : 4,675 km (Peninsular Malaysia 2,068 km, East Malaysia 2,607 km)

Maritime claims : continental shelf: 200-m depth or to the depth of exploitation; specified boundary in the South China Sea exclusive economic zone: 200

Climate : tropical; annual southwest (April to October) and northeast (October to February) monsoons


Terrain : coastal plains rising to hills and mountains Lowest point: Indian Ocean 0 m Highest pwoint: Gunung Kinabalu 4,100 m

Natural resources : tin, petroleum, timber, copper, iron ore, natural gas, bauxite

Land use: arable land: 3% permanent crops: 12% permanent pastures: 0% forests and woodland: 68% other: 17% (1993 est.) Irrigated land: 2,941 sq. km (1998 est.)

Natural hazards: flooding, landslides

Environment - current issues: air pollution from industrial and vehicular emissions; water pollution from raw sewage; deforestation; smoke/haze from Indonesian forest fires.

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